Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) is the human form of the fatalbrain-wasting disease found in cows called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) – better known as mad cow disease. So far there have only been 177 confirmed human cases in the United Kingdom, according to thestudy.Forty-nine more cases have been reported in 11 other countries, according to the World Health Organization. Previous research suggested maybe 1 in 4,000 people living in Britain were carrying the protein that causes vCJD, says Dr. Sebastian Brandner, one of the study authors and head of the Division of Neuropathology at Queen Square, one of the largest academic neuropathology departments in the UK. But that estimate was made using a smaller sample, says Brandner. This new study, published Tuesday in the medical journal BMJ, was much larger.Researchers studied appendix samples from 32,441 people and found 16 that tested positive for vCJD. Given that population of the United Kingdom is a little over 60 million, Brandner says that means about 1 in 2,000 people – or roughly 30,000 people total – have this potentially lethal prion. Brandner says the peak of mad cow disease was in 1992, and the peak of the human form of mad cow disease occurred in 2000. This suggests there is an 8-year incubation period for the disease. However, his research has revealed that there are at least three different forms of the prion protein linked to vCJD, which might explain why more people haven’t become sick with the disease – yet. “These people may harbor that [vCJD] for a longer time; they may develop a different type of prion disease; they may be silent carriers,” says Brandner. He says there’s one definite concern: that these silent carriers may be potentially transmitting the disease. There is no blood test to detect vCJD, so someone could unknowingly pass the prion protein on to others when they give blood, and prions are not destroyed by standard sterilization methods usually used for surgical instruments only harsher, stronger sterilization procedures will kill them. According to WHO, the human form of mad cow disease was first reported in the United Kingdom in March 1996 and the first cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, was first reported in the United Kingdom in 1986. More than 184,000 cows in the UK were eventually confirmed to have BSE.
Ineos shutting Scottish refinery; may cut 45% of United Kingdom oil output
Keywords: By LANANH NGUYEN & LAURA HURST LONDON (Bloomberg) — Ineos Group Holdings is shutting the 210,000 bpd Grangemouth oil refinery and petrochemical site before a strike this weekend that could halt 45 % of the United Kingdoms crude production. The company is progressively stopping units before a 48- hour industrial action planned by Unite union workers, scheduled to begin on October 20. Were currently going through a safe shutdown of the site, Richard Longden, a spokesman for Ineos, said by phone from London. The units will be brought to a cold status by the time the strike action starts. Grangemouth workers held a two-day strike in April 2008 that cut North Sea oil output and disrupted fuel supplies across Scotland. The site supplies power and steam to BP’s neighboring Kinneil processing plant, which handles oil from the companys Forties Pipeline System gathered from more than 80 offshore fields. FPS is scheduled to load 387,000 bpd of crude in October, according to a shipping program obtained by Bloomberg news. Union representatives and Ineos will meet for talks mediated by the United Kingdoms Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service after discussions ended without resolution, Unite said in a statement. The discussions are scheduled in Glasgow, Scotland, according to the United Kingdom Department of Energy and Climate Change. Forties Output Were in touch with Ineos to establish the possible impact of the shutdown, Robert Wine, a London-based spokesman for BP, said by phone. Operations at the Kinneil plant will depend on the outcome of negotiations between Ineos and the union, he said. Forties output averaged 382,000 bpd this year, according to loading programs obtained by Bloomberg News. The United Kingdoms average crude production was 850,000 bpd this year, data from the International Energy Agency show. Forties is the most abundant of four crude grades that make up the Dated Brent benchmark used to price more than half the worlds crude. The others are Brent, Oseberg and Ekofisk. We have been monitoring the situation very closely, Cameron Ramos, a spokesman for the Department of Energy and Climate Change, said by phone from London.
Alcoholic Drinks in the United Kingdom: New Research Report Available at Fast Market Research
Sales of alcoholic drinks were restrained in 2012 as consumer confidence had yet to pick up. On-trade consumption continued to suffer as most consumers cut back on costs and focused on at- home entertainment due to it being cheaper. Off-trade volume consumption grew in many areas, largely as a result of price promotions, with value sales growth being somewhat… Euromonitor International’s Alcoholic Drinks in United Kingdom report offers a comprehensive guide to the size and shape of the market at a national level. It provides the latest retail sales data (2008-2012), allowing you to identify the sectors driving growth. It identifies the leading companies, the leading brands and offers strategic analysis of key factors influencing the market – be they legislative, distribution or pricing issues. Forecasts to 2017 illustrate how the market is set to change. Product coverage: Beer, Cider/Perry, RTDs/High-Strength Premixes, Spirits, Wine. Data coverage: market sizes (historic and forecasts), company shares, brand shares and distribution data. Reasons to Get This Report – Get a detailed picture of the Alcoholic Drinks market; – Pinpoint growth sectors and identify factors driving change; – Understand the competitive environment, the market’s major players and leading brands; – Use five-year forecasts to assess how the market is predicted to develop. About Fast Market Research Fast Market Research is an online aggregator and distributor of market research and business information. Representing the world’s top research publishers and analysts, we provide quick and easy access to the best competitive intelligence available. Our unbiased, expert staff will help you find the right research to fit your requirements and your budget. For more information about these or related research reports, please visit our website at http://www.fastmr.com or call us at 1.800.844.8156. Browse all Beverages research reports at Fast Market Research You may also be interested in these related reports:
Eid-al-Adha Celebration in the United Kingdom
This festival also marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. Today Muslims all over the world who can afford it , sacrifice a sheep (sometimes a goat) as a reminder of Ibrahims obedience to Allah. In Britain, the animal has to be killed at a slaughterhouse. They share out the meat among family, friends and the poor, who each get a third share. Eid usually starts with Muslims going to the Mosque for prayers, dressed in their best clothes, and thanking Allah for all the blessings they have received. It is also a time when they visit family and friends as well as offering presents. At Eid it is obligatory to give a set amount of money to charity to be used to help poor people buy new clothes and food so they too can celebrate. Initiatives to improve the quality of life or opportunities in Muslim communities around the United Kingdom may be launched at Eid-al-Adha. Some mosques also hold study days or lectures on aspects of Islam and Islamic history. Eid-al-Adha is not a bank holiday in the UK. Mosques are likely to be busy and this may lead to some traffic congestion. Some Muslims choose to take one or more days of annual leave at this time.