Previous research suggested maybe 1 in 4,000 people living in Britain were carrying the protein that causes vCJD, says Dr. Sebastian Brandner, one of the study authors and head of the Division of Neuropathology at Queen Square, one of the largest academic neuropathology departments in the UK. But that estimate was made using a smaller sample, says Brandner. This new study, published Tuesday in the medical journal BMJ, was much larger.Researchers studied appendix samples from 32,441 people and found 16 that tested positive for vCJD. Given that population of the United Kingdom is a little over 60 million, Brandner says that means about 1 in 2,000 people – or roughly 30,000 people total – have this potentially lethal prion. Brandner says the peak of mad cow disease was in 1992, and the peak of the human form of mad cow disease occurred in 2000. This suggests there is an 8-year incubation period for the disease. However, his research has revealed that there are at least three different forms of the prion protein linked to vCJD, which might explain why more people haven’t become sick with the disease – yet. “These people may harbor that [vCJD] for a longer time; they may develop a different type of prion disease; they may be silent carriers,” says Brandner. He says there’s one definite concern: that these silent carriers may be potentially transmitting the disease. There is no blood test to detect vCJD, so someone could unknowingly pass the prion protein on to others when they give blood, and prions are not destroyed by standard sterilization methods usually used for surgical instruments only harsher, stronger sterilization procedures will kill them. According to WHO, the human form of mad cow disease was first reported in the United Kingdom in March 1996 and the first cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, was first reported in the United Kingdom in 1986. More than 184,000 cows in the UK were eventually confirmed to have BSE. The average age of death for vCJD is about 28 years, according to the CDC, which is one way it distinguishes itself from classic Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease; classic CJD emerged more than a century ago and affects older people. The average age for this disease, which is not linked to the consumption of meat from cattle with BSE, is 68. In an accompanying editorial in the journal, Roland Salmon, a retired consultant epidemiologist, argues that vCJD is not yesterday’s news because there are many questions that still need to be answered.
30,000 may carry human form of mad cow
Eid-al-Adha Celebration in the United Kingdom
If we are unable to address the problem to your satisfaction we will give you a full refund. Price guarantee: Yes – details here Price guarantee Our prices are competitive, and to ensure you get the most attractive deal available, we’ll do our very best to match any price in the unlikely event you can find the same product for less elsewhere. All we ask for is reasonable proof of the report being currently available at the lower price. If you do find a lower price, contact Mike Chiswell on: +44 (0)1527 573 608 Intl, 1-866-545-5878 Toll-Free from US or use the call back form below Price: $ 350.00 Report description Automotive Manufacturing in the United Kingdom industry profile provides top-line qualitative and quantitative summary information including: market size (value and volume 2008-12, and forecast to 2017). The profile also contains descriptions of the leading players including key financial metrics and analysis of competitive pressures within the market. Essential resource for top-line data and analysis covering the United Kingdom automotive manufacturing market. Includes market size and segmentation data, textual and graphical analysis of market growth trends, leading companies and macroeconomic information. Highlights The automotive manufacturing industry comprises the production of trucks, passengers cars and motorcycles. The UK automotive manufacturing industry had total revenues of $50.3bn in 2012, representing a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.8% between 2008 and 2012. Industry production volumes declined with a CARC of -1.3% between 2008 and 2012, to reach a total of 1,599.6 thousand units in 2012. The performance of the industry is forecast to accelerate, with an anticipated CAGR of 5.7% for the five-year period 2012 – 2017, which is expected to drive the industry to a value of $66.2bn by the end of 2017. Features Save time carrying out entry-level research by identifying the size, growth, major segments, and leading players in the automotive manufacturing market in the United Kingdom Use the Five Forces analysis to determine the competitive intensity and therefore attractiveness of the automotive manufacturing market in the United Kingdom Leading company profiles reveal details of key automotive manufacturing market players global operations and financial performance Add weight to presentations and pitches by understanding the future growth prospects of the United Kingdom automotive manufacturing market with five year forecasts by both value and volume Macroeconomic indicators provide insight into general trends within the United Kingdom economy Key Questions Answered What was the size of the United Kingdom automotive manufacturing market by value in 2012?
Automotive Manufacturing in the United Kingdom
This festival also marks the end of the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. Today Muslims all over the world who can afford it , sacrifice a sheep (sometimes a goat) as a reminder of Ibrahims obedience to Allah. In Britain, the animal has to be killed at a slaughterhouse. They share out the meat among family, friends and the poor, who each get a third share. Eid usually starts with Muslims going to the Mosque for prayers, dressed in their best clothes, and thanking Allah for all the blessings they have received. It is also a time when they visit family and friends as well as offering presents. At Eid it is obligatory to give a set amount of money to charity to be used to help poor people buy new clothes and food so they too can celebrate. Initiatives to improve the quality of life or opportunities in Muslim communities around the United Kingdom may be launched at Eid-al-Adha. Some mosques also hold study days or lectures on aspects of Islam and Islamic history. Eid-al-Adha is not a bank holiday in the UK. Mosques are likely to be busy and this may lead to some traffic congestion. Some Muslims choose to take one or more days of annual leave at this time.